If the wonderful performance of those who exhibit excellence is learned, then how do they do it?
For instance, researchers have found that chess masters were not better at basic memory skills but were better at recognizing familiar chess patterns (Patterns learned over years of experience with chess).
The first elements of real excellence appear to involve cognitive skills.
Such as expertise in makeup got a large knowledge base in that specific domain.
They got extraordinary memory that allow quicker and easier access to memory and problem solving strategies. They can form and organize shortcuts to achieve their goals easily.
Studies indicate that many of these cognitive skills can be taught.
Second element is the motivational factor of commitment.
They got the determination to succeed in spite of difficulties. They got the intrinsic motivation and passion in the specific domain. This commitment to learn all they can about their area usually leads to the formation of mentor relationship as we know a successful student does not reach his or her goals alone. In fact, common for the best young students to compete for the chance to study with famous teachers. In classical music circles, teachers at various levels of expertise who are expected to guide the next phase of the person's training.
The most important factor is practice. This is important in at least 3 ways.
First, those who truly excel at a specific discipline often begin to practice earlier in life.
Second, those who were most accomplished practiced more hours than others did.
Consistency of practice is also very important. It is one of the most important factors in determining who will reach the highest levels of excellence.
Third, deliberate practice which is defined as practice that is focused, planned, concentrated, and effortful.
Therefore, excellence requires a sensible balance of hard work and rest!
Beware of over practice!
Usually 4 hours a day is enough:)
So how long does it take for them to become elite performers?
The ten year rule states that it takes at least 10 years of dedicated, consistent practice before a person can obtain excellent permance levels.
Look around the successful people around you, then you will realize it :)
Remember, through, that these ages are group statistics or averages and vary by individual.
All informations are retrieved from 'An Introduction To Positive Psychology'.
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